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雙語:世界各地教師節的由來知多少

來源: 2015年9月8日新浪教育 轉載 CRI教育頻道 


我國的教師節定在了9月10日,那麼世界其它國家有教師節嗎?又是如何慶祝的呢?來看看下面的介紹吧。

 

教師節

 

Teachers Day is, interestingly, not observed on the same day all over the world. It is perhaps one of those few days which has a separate international day whose importance is superseded by the nationally observed day.

 

非常有意思,在世界範圍內,教師節並不是同一天。它是廣受國際重視的節日,跟其他的國際節日一樣,只不過是在不同的國度以不同的日子來紀念罷了。

 

Taking a look at Teachers Day as it is celebrated across the world, in some countries it is marked by a holiday, in others it is a working day.

 

在世界範圍內來審視教師節,一些國家把它作為一個節日,而另一些國家就是一個普通的工作日。

 

International Teachers Day as observed by UNESCO is October 5. Being held ever since 1994, it commemorates teachers' organisations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilise support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers.

 

聯合國世界教科文組織以10月5日為國際教師節。自1994年以來,都用於紀念世界範圍內的教師組織。目的是為教師們爭取支持,並確保未來孩子的需要能得到滿足。

 

China -Teachers Day was founded at the National Central University in 1931. It was adopted by the central government of the Republic of China, in 1932. In 1939, the day was set for August 27, Confucius' birthday. The People's Republic of China government abrogated it in 1951. It was reestablished in 1985, and the day was changed to September 10. Now more and more people are trying to revert the day back to Confucius's birthday.

 

中國――教師節是1931年由國立中央大學設立的,1932年由中華民國中央政府採用。1939年,又把教師節定位8月27日,也就是孔子的生日。1951年中華人民共和國廢除了這一規定。1985年又重新設定教師節為每年的9月10日。現在越來越多的人希望將教師節改為孔子誕辰日。

 

India- Teachers Day is celebrated on September 5 in honour of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second president of India, whose birthday falls that day.

 

印度――教師節是每年的9月5日,來紀念印度的第二任總統拉達克裡希博士的出生。

 

Russia- In Russia, Teachers Day was celebrated on the first Sunday of October, between 1965 and 1994. Since 1994, the day is observed on the October 5, coinciding with World Teachers Day.

 

俄羅斯――在俄羅斯,教師節在1965到1994年間被定為十月的第一個周日。1994年後,俄羅斯的教師節就改為與世界教師節同步,即10月5日。

 

The US- In the US, Teachers Day is a non-official holiday. It is observed on the Tuesday of the first full week of May. The day is celebrated with pomp and gaiety. A number of activities are organised in schools to honour teachers. The celebrations can continue for the entire week of May.

 

美國――在美國,教師節被定位五月的第一個完整工作周的週二,為非官方假期。節日通常是在一片歡樂的盛況中度過。很多的協會組織在學校對老師進行表彰,這一盛況甚至持續一整周。

 

Thailand- In Thailand, National Teachers Day is celebrated every year on January 16. The day was adopted as Teachers Day in the island nation by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers Day was held in 1957. The day is declared as a holiday in schools.

 

泰國――泰國的國家教師節被定在每年的2月16日,這是由一項在1956年11月21日通過的政府決議規定的。1957年泰國人慶祝了第一個教師節。在泰國,教師節作為學校的節日來慶祝。

 

Iran- In Iran, Teachers Day is celebrated on May 2. It commemorates the assassination of Iranian professor Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari. The renowned writer, a timeless teacher, was executed on May 2, 1980. On the day, students offer flowers to teachers to honour the sacred profession.

 

伊朗――在伊朗,教師節是5月2日。它是為了紀念被殺的伊朗教授阿亞圖拉莫爾塔紮。一個永恆的老師和著名作家,1980年5月2日遇害。這一天,學生向教師敬獻鮮花,以讚揚教師們這項神聖的職業。

 

Turkey- In Turkey, Teachers Day is celebrated on November 24. Turkey's first president Kemal Ataturk dedicated November 24 to honour teachers and their profession. There is no holiday on this day.

 

土耳其――在土耳其,教師節是11月24日。土耳其第一任總統凱末爾專用11月24日來表彰教師和他們的職業。這一天也是不放假的。

 

Malaysia- May 16 is dedicated to teachers in Malaysia. The day is celebrated as Teachers Day in the country with great enthusiasm. The day is called 'Hari Guru' in Malaysia and is a working day.

 

馬來西亞――5月16日是馬來西亞的教師。教師節這一天,全國上下都以極大的熱情來慶祝。在馬來西亞,這一天被稱為「宗師日」,同時這也是馬來西亞的一個正常工作日。

 

 

英語原文來源:印度教育新聞網

轉載英語來源:中國日報網

轉載來源1:中國國際廣播電臺網

轉載來源2:新浪網教育

伸延閱讀:孔子誕

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